Saturday, May 15, 2010

CS201 Introduction to Programming Assignment 3 Solution May 16,2010

Solution 1


#include
#include
using namespace std;
main(){
char Directory[16],part1[3],part2[4], part3[7];
char *Tptr;
int size;
cout<<"Enter the complete phone number (as \"0092-123-1234567\") :"; cin>>Directory;
Tptr=strtok(Directory, "-");
while(Tptr!=NULL ){
cout<<<"\n";
size=strlen(Tptr);
switch(size){


case 4:
strcpy(part2, Tptr);
break;
case 3:
strcpy(part1, Tptr);
break;
case 7:
strcpy(part3, Tptr);
break;

}
Tptr=strtok(NULL,"-");
}
cout<<<"Country Code is ="<<<"\nCity code is
="<<<"\n7-digit number is = "<<<"\nPhone number in
correct sequence is ="<<<"-"<<<"-"<
system("Pause");}




For complete solution please visit

MTH302 Business Mathematics & Statistics Assignment 2 Solution

Question: 2 Marks 0

Why the inverse of following matrix is not possible


































Answer of Q.No. 02

For an inverse of Matrix it is necessary the number of rows must be equal to number of rows. In this matrix number of rows are 4 & number of Column are 3. so it is not possible the inverse of give matrix




Answer of Q.No.03



1-Write the value of first column in cell 5 in A: 4, 7 in A: 5 and 1 in A: 6
2-Simlarly the value 2nd Column will be written 9 in B: 4, 1 in B: 5 and 2 in B: 6
3-Finally the value of 3rd column will put as 3 in C: 4, 8 in C: 5 and 4 in C: 6
4-Click the cell A: 7 and drag the mouse keeping press left button of Mouse to C: 9
5-Then press F2 in A: 7 and write the formula =MINVERSE (A: 4: C: 6)
6-After writing formula Press CTR+SHIFT+ENTER keys simultaneously the formula will appear in formula as {=MINVERSE (A: 4: C: 6)} which shows that job has been done in correct manner.



Question 5: Marks 0

Find amount of markup and selling price on an item that costs Rs. 2400 if there is a 40% markup on cost.



Answer of Q No.05

Selling price = Cost+ (cost * % of mark up)
=2400+ (2400*.4)
=2400+960
=3360
So the mark up is =960
Selling price =3360



Question 6: Marks 0


An item sells for Rs. 3200. If the markup on the cost is 48%, find the cost and the amount of the markup.


Answer Q.No.06

First we calculate the Markup

Mark up =% age of mark up * Selling Price
=.48*3200=1536
Now the cost
Price is = Selling Price-Mark Up
=3200-1536=1664




Question 7: Marks 0

Find the single discount rate that is equivalent to the series discount of 5%, 7% and 11%.
Answer Q.No.7


Equivalent Discount Rate = (1-d1) (1-d2) (1-d3)
= 100(1-5%) (1-7%) (1-11%)
=100(.95)(.93)(.89)
=78.63
% Discount =100-78.63
=21.37%



Question 8: Marks 05

An item that cost Rs. 2300 was marked up 38 % of the selling price. After some time the item is markdown 30 %. Calculate the sale price after markdown.
Answer Q.No.8

Selling Price = Cost+(Cost*%of Mark Up)
=2300+(2300*.38)
=2300+874
=3174

Selling Price after mark down =Selling price-(selling price*%of mark down)
=3174-(3174*.30)
=3174-952.20=2221.80




Friday, May 14, 2010

CS302 Digital Logic Design Assignment # 2 Spring 2010

Question 1:                                                     [marks: 10]



Simplify the following Boolean expressions, using Boolean Algebraic rules:



 ABC' + A'BC + ABC + A'BC'

= BC' (A+A')+BC' (A+A') //*Because A+A'=1

So,

=BC' (1)BC' (1)

=B(C'+C)=B(1)

=B


 (BC' + A'D) (AB'+ CD')

=BC'AB'+BC'CD'+A'DAB'+A'DCD'

=C'ABB'+BD'C'C+DB'AA'+A'CDD'

BY RULE A.A'=0

SO

BB'=0, CC'=0 , AA'=0 AND DD'=0

Answer =0





Question 2:                                                      [marks: 10]

Simplify the following Boolean functions, using Karnuagh maps:


 F(A,B,C,D) = ∑ (3,7,11,13,14,15)



 Solution:

Since the function has four variables so,a four variable map must be used.The minterms listed in the sum are marked by 1’s in the map.
 
 
 

CS301 – Data Structures Assignment # 3 Solution May 14, 2010

Assignment No # 3                 Mark: 20

Your assignment must be uploaded/submitted at or before May 17, 2010
 
 
Question
Consider a binary search tree (BST) that is initially empty. Draw the tree that will result if the following numbers are inserted in the same order given below:            5 Marks
13, 3,1,2,4,12,10,5,8,7,6,9,11,14,15,18
 
After making a BST perform the following operations on it.

a)      Pre order Traversal                       5 Marks
b)      Inorder Traversal                          5 Marks
c)      Postorder  Traversal                      5 Marks






Solution



Binary Search Tree (BST) drawn with the following numbers when inserted in the same order as given 13,3,1,2,4,12,10,5,8,7,6,9,11,14,15,18



















































a. Pre order Traversal

13,3,1,4,2,12,10,5,11,8,7,9,6,14,15,18


b. In Order Traversal

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,18


c. Post Order Traversal

2,1,6,7,8,9,5,10,11,12,4,3,18,15,14,13

CS101 Introduction to Computing Assignment 3 Solution May 14,2010


Objective:

The assignment has been designed to enable you:
  • Understanding of HTML and JavaScript
  • Lectures covered 9,12 and 15

Task to perform

You are a web developer and you have to design a web Site for a company, your task is to design a registration page layout for this website in HTML (Registration is not required). (10 Marks)


Registration page will have three main parts

  1. Header
  2. Content
  3. Footer




Header contains the company logo an image that is available online and you should use that image in your web page.

Login controls includes one text field one password field and one submit button as you can see in above figure.


















The content section will contain three sub sections

  1. Personal information
  2. Account Information
  3. Qualification

The highest Degree combo box in Qualification section will looks like this

You can choose your own company logo (available online) and color scheme

Instructions

1.     Follow the Layout ( Header , content, footer) as Explained (3 Marks)

2.     All controls must be available and placed according to given format, Reset button works accordingly, In password more then 7 characters are restricted  (3 Marks)


1.     There should be a check on OnMouseOver event of Login button  available in header section that User name and Password fields are not empty, if any one field is found empty then display the following message (2 Marks)



SOLUTION:

For Complete Solution of CS101 check the Forum
Thursday, May 13, 2010

CS302- Digital Logic Design Assignment # 2 May 13, 2010


Question_1:                                                                                                                        [marks: 10]
Simplify the following Boolean expressions, using Boolean Algebraic rules:
  • ABC' + A'BC + ABC + A'BC'
=  BC' (A+A')+BC' (A+A'
Question_2:                                                                                                                        [marks: 10]
Simplify the following Boolean functions, using Karnuagh maps:
  • F(A,B,C,D) = ∑ (3,7,11,13,14,15)
  • Solution:
 Since the function has four variables so,a four variable map must be used.The minterms listed in the sum are marked by 1’s in the map.


HRM624 ASSIGNMENT Solution May13,2010


Prepared by shine star
                             In my opinion first of all the both parties go for Negotiation because the Company ABC wants to save its money and time and the company also don’t want to lost that ideal location for their production plant. And the intentions of the seller are not good that is why it is important to convince him at the better solution for this problem by healthy negotiation. Any mistake of company ABC can aggravate this problem and the recovery of the money will be difficult or impossible. Negotiation is a discussion among the two or more people with the goal of reaching an agreement. Broadly speaking negotiation is an interaction of influences. Such interactions, for example include the process of resolving dispute, agreeing upon course of action, bargaining for individual or collective advantage.

Other Means of Resolving Conflict:
                                           
 If the ABC Company uses the other means to resolve this problem, then they are time taken, money consuming and also possible that the result is not according to the wish of the both buyer parties. Mediation, conciliation, arbitration also have long processes and there is also possibility of creating misperception if the mediator or conciliator is not trained. In these processes the company also has to pay the fee of the agents. Adjudication is expensive and time consuming.
Most of the time the result, in adjudication is least acceptable or in favor of the both parties. In this way they can not talk face to face. By these means, ABC company may lose the place that he don’t want lose because it is the best location for its production plant. And if the seller party don’t want to sell that place to the company and also don’t want to pay back the money then it will try to pull the process.

Negotiation:

If  company ABC is going for negotiation with the both parties, the seller and the other buyer of that land, there are many chances that the Company ABC would be reach at the best solution of this problem that will in favor of Company ABC and also acceptable for the both of other parties without wasting  its resources. It is relatively less expensive and has no longer process. In this way the two buyer parties can negotiate at this problem and try to find the better solution of this problem , after that both the parties should go for negotiation to the third seller party. And they can put pressure on the seller party to agree at the better solution of this problem through the healthy negotiation.
           So Negotiation is the suitable solving the dispute outside the court. By using this form of resolving the dispute all the parties can save their money and protect themselves from the lengthy procedure as well as they get the desirable result. It means there can create  win-win situation by using this technique.
     

Information System (CS507) 3rd assignment 2010

Due Date:
20th May 2010.
Q. 1: How can you describe the factors which will ensure the successful implementation of SDLC? Explain at least three? (Marks: 10)
Q. 2: List down the pros and cons of Incremental Model? Also mention when to use the Incremental Model?
(Marks: 10)

Solution will be uploaded soon.

STA630 Reacher methods GDB Solution May13,2010

Why researchers choose direstional or non-directional hypothesis?Explain Briefly?

Solution:
Directional Hypothesis indicates the relationship between two variables in terms of positive,negative,less than,greater then. In simple words the hypothesis which specifies the direction of realtionship is called directional hypothesis.
NonDirectional hypothesis indicates the relationship two variables in terms of stronger or weaker.

CS201 Introduction to Programming Assignment 3 May13,2010

Due Date 18 May 2010

Problem Statement: Recognizing and Splitting the string.
You are required to write a program that takes a phone number as input from the user and stores it as a string value. The phone number will consist of country code, city code and actual 7-digit number separated by “-”. User can enter the phone number in any order. Your program should be able to recognize the country code, city code and 7-digit number and display it in the following format.
Country code - City code – 7-digit number


Detailed Description:
1. Take phone number as input from the user.
2. The number should be stored as a string value.
3. User can enter the phone number in any order for example 0092-333-1234567 or 333-0092-1234567 or 1234567-333-0092 etc.
4. Program should be able to recognize country code, city code and 7-digit number from the string and display it in the right sequence.


Sample Output 1
Enter the complete phone number : 0092-1234567-333

Country code is = 0092
City code is = 333
7-digit number is = 1234567
Phone number in correct sequence is = 0092-333-1234567



Sample Output 2
Enter the complete phone number : 1234567-321-0092

Country code is = 0092
City code is = 321
7-digit number is = 1234567
Phone number in correct sequence is = 0092-321-1234567


Sample Output 3
Enter the complete phone number : 300-0092-9876543

Country code is = 0092
City code is = 300
7-digit number is = 9876543
Phone number in correct sequence is = 0092-300-9876543



HINTS:
You can split the string into three parts and store each part as different string.
You should use strtok, strlen, and strcat functions for solving this assignment.

FIN621 Assignment Solution May 13,2010

Please Download the File from below given link




FIN621 Solution
Wednesday, May 12, 2010

MTH302 Business Mathematics & Statistics Assignment 2

Due date: 17-05-10

DON’T MISS THESE Important instructions:
• Upload assignments properly through LMS, (No Assignment will be accepted through email).
• All students are directed to use the font and style of text as is used in this document.
• This is an individual assignment, not group assignment, so keep in mind that you are supposed to submit your own, self made & different assignment even if you discuss the questions with your class fellows. All similar assignments (even with some meaningless modifications) will be awarded zero marks and no excuse will be accepted. This is your responsibility to keep your assignment safe from others. Many solution files sent by students in assignment 1 are found to be copied and so awarded zero. You are therefore reminding here again.
• Above all instructions are for all assignments so may not be mentioned in future.
• Question # 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 doesn’t have any marks, it is for your pre-assessment, solve it, see its solution (when uploaded) but you need not include these questions in solution file.



Question 1: Marks 08

A flying company offers trips in Europe. The company flies three kinds of airplanes: the Boeing 757, the Boeing 767, and the Boeing 777. Each plane is outfitted with tourist, economy, and first-class seats. In Boeing 757, there are 50 tourist, 30 economy, and 32 first class seats. . In Boeing 767, there are 75 tourist, 45 economy, and 50 first class seats.
In Boeing 777, there are 40 tourist, 25 economy, and 30 first class seats.
The number of reservations for its January flight to Germany, 305 reservations for tourist class, 185 Economy class, and 206 first class.
To fill all the seats how many of each kind of plane should the company fly?


Question: 2 Marks 0

Why the inverse of following matrix is not possible






























Question 4: Marks 0


Discuss the importance of determinant of a matrix in evaluation of its inverse. Also state at least two properties of determinants which help in their evaluation.

Question 5: Marks 0

Find amount of markup and selling price on an item that costs Rs. 2400 if there is a 40% markup on cost.


Question 6: Marks 0


An item sells for Rs. 3200. If the markup on the cost is 48%, find the cost and the amount of the markup.


Question 7: Marks 0

Find the single discount rate that is equivalent to the series discount of 5%, 7% and 11%.


Question 8: Marks 05

An item that cost Rs. 2300 was marked up 38 % of the selling price. After some time the item is markdown 30 %. Calculate the sale price after markdown.

MGT503 Principles of Management Assignment 1 May 13,2010

Due date 17 May 2010

“CASE STUDY”
Subway is the worlds’ second largest restaurant chain in the world (behind no.1 Mc Donalds)
with 27,189 restaurants in 85 countries including over 600 international stores. Every year it
adds more than 500 restaurants to the chain.
Many firms prefer customizing their products but subway requires each franchisee regardless of
location to include the same items. Local stores are allowed a mere 6 local items on the menu.
Ingredients such as meat, cheese and bread are standardized. Exceptions are made only in the
case of strict cultural or religious requirements. For example many Subway franchises in India
do not offer beef sandwiches while those in Muslim countries don’t offer pork.
Although these restrictions might seem harsh on the business but Subway is ahead of its
competitors in encouraging and supporting international franchises. For example, the
company’s website features investment information in French, German and Spanish in addition
to English.
Subways’ internal development agents assist the company and internal investors in developing
stores in a certain geographic location. These efforts and others ensure that Subway does not
lose touch with its local markets. The firm has developed a winning internal strategy:
combining standardization and customization.
1. How does Subway’s decision to enter foreign markets through franchising help it to
develop its business? What are some of the potential problems with this choice? (6)
2. How do the religious & cultural factors affect the working of subway in its franchises
located in over 85 countries? (7)
3. While expanding on the international level what are the various management challenges
which subway has to face, including challenges in POLCA. (7)

MTH202 Assignment No 2 Solution May 13,2010

Question 1: (a) Express the given information through Venn diagram.
In a high school students attended the Annual sports week, they are free to participate any of the following games: Swimming, Badminton and Hurdle race. 

(i) 13 students participated in all of these games.
(ii) 36 students participated in Swimming and Badminton but not in Hurdle Race.
(iii) 28 students participated in Badminton and Hurdle Race.
(iv) 15 students participated in Swimming and Hurdle Race but not in Badminton

























MGT510 - Total Quality Management GDB Solution May 2010



Due Date: May 12, 2010                   Marks : 02

Question : 

“Recall the Deming’s 14 points of TQM, you heard in lecture 13 & 14, and justify whether these points are applicable or not applicable in customer services department of telecom industry. Justify your arguments in 3-4 lines in either case.”?

Answer : 
Deming’s point # 5 “Improve constantly and forever the system of production and service”, is applicable as in today's market, it is never advisable to reach the conclusion that a particular department is 'good enough'. Continuous improvement must be a top priority on all fronts - from the ring of phone to the balance sheet (Bill). The only way to remain responsive to the needs of a diverse and dynamic population is to strive constantly to provide better services without comparable increases in cost and meet those needs both now and in the future.

CS403 Solution Assignment # 1 Spring 2010

























































FIN621 Solution May 12, 2010

SOLUTION:

Part 1 (Liquidity Ratios :)

1. Acid Test Ratio/Quick ratio

Acid Test Ratio/Quick ratio = Quick Assets/Current Liabilities
Acid Test Ratio/Quick ratio = (Current Assets-Inventory-Prepaid expenses)/Current Liabilities
= (36279168000-1155042000-512383000-267422000)/33455815000
=1.0265

2. Sales to working Capital

Sales to working Capital = Net Sales/Working Capital
Sales to working Capital = Net Sales/ (Current Assets-Current Liabilities)
= 76642399000/ (36279168000-33455815000)
= 76642399000/ (2823353000)
=27.14


3. How working capital does help the financial analyst?


Part 2 (Solvency Ratio:)

1. Debt-to-Equity Ratio

Debt-to-Equity Ratio = Total Debt /Total Equity
= (Current Liabilities + Long Term Liabilities)/ Total Equity
= (33455815+27931963)/10315060
= 5.466
Description: Debt is 5.466 of the equity of the firm which is strong value as the firm is 5.466 times meet the liabilities or Debts , the financial investors like this ratio high so company can get different loans or borrowing due to this positive ratio.

2. Time Interest Earned Ratio

Time Interest Earned Ratio =operating Income before Interest /Annual Interest Cost
= (2979911000)/2370674000
= 1.2567
Description: Debt is 5.466 of the equity of the firm which is strong value as the firm is 5.466 times meet the liabilities or Debts , the financial investors like this ratio high so company can get different loans or borrowing due to this positive ratio.


3. Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio

Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio =operating Income before Interest /Annual Interest Cost
= (2979911000)/2370674000
= 1.2567


4. Define difference between both ratios (Time Interest Earned & Fixed Charge Coverage)? To be very precise mention why do we calculate both?




Part 3 (Profitability ratios :)

1. Gross Profit Margin
= Gross profit/Net sales * 100
=7404163000/76642399000*100
= 9.660661849 %

2. Operating Profit Margin Return on sales
= Operating profit before IT / Net sales *100
= 2979911000/76642399000*100
= 3.888071145 %
3. Pretax Margin
= Operating profit before Tax / Net sales *100
= 2381627000/76642399000*100
= 3.107 %

4. Net Profit Margin
= Net profit / Net sales *100
= 991067000/76642399000*100
= 1.2 %

5. Return on Equity (ROE)

= Net profit / Total Equity *100
= 991067000/10315060*100
= 9.607 %
6. Return on Assets (ROA

= Net profit / Total Assets *100
= 991067000/71702838000*100
= 1.382 %


7. DuPont Return on Assets
=Operating profit margin ratio *Assets turnover ratio
= 3.889% * (Net sales / fixed assets)
= 3.89% * 2.17%
=8.43913%

8. What is the need for calculating DuPont Return on Assets when we already have Return on Assets ratio calculated?


Part 4(Activity Ratios :)

1. Inventory Turnover
2. Accounts Receivable Turnover
3. Accounts payable turnover
4. Average collection period
5. Average payment period



Another Solution

1. Acid Test Ratio/Quick ratio = Current Assets – ( Inventory + Prepayments) / Current
Liabilities

= 36,279,168 – (1,667,425 + 267,422)/ 33,455,815
Acid test Ratio = 1.0345


2. Sales to working Capital = Net Sales / Working Capital

Net sales = 76,642,399
Working capital = current assets – current liabilities = 36,279,168 – 33,455,812 = 2,823,356
= 76,642,399 / 2,823,356
Sales to working Capital = 27.145 / 100 = 0.2714 %



PART 2
Solvency Ratio
1. Debt-to-Equity Ratio = Total Liabilities / Shareholder Equity

= 61,387,778 / 10,315,060
Debt-to-Equity Ratio = 5.951


2. Time Interest Earned Ratio = EBIT / interest Expense

= 4,752,301 / 2,370,674
Time Interest Earned Ratio = 2


1. Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio = EBIT + Lease payments / Interest Exp + Lease
Payment
= 4,752,301 + 1,392,776 / 1,392776 + 2,370,674
Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio = 1.63





PART 3

Profitability Ratios

1. Gross Profit Margin = Gross profit / Net Sales * 100


= 7,404,163 / 76,642,399 * 100
Gross Profit Margin= 9.66 %



2. Operating Profit Margin = Operating profit / Net sales * 100


= 2,979,911 / 76,642,399 * 100


Operating Profit Margin = 3.9 %


3. Pretax Margin = Net earnings + Income Tax / Net Sales

Net Earnings = 991,067
Income Tax = 1,390,560
Net Sales = 76,642,399

= 991,067 + 1,390,560 / 76,642,399

Pretax Margin = 0.031 * 100 = 3.1%



4. Net Profit Margin = Net Pr ofit After Tax / Revenue * 100%



= 991,067 / 76,642,399 * 100
Net Profit Margin = 1.29 %






5. Return on Equity (ROE) = NP after Tax / Shareholder Equity * 100


= 991,067 / 10,315,060 * 100
Return on Equity (ROE) = 9.6




6. Return on Assets (ROA) = Net Income / Total Assets * 100


= 991, 067 / 71,702,838 * 100
ROA = 1.382


PART 4

Activity Ratios



1. Inventory Turnover = Cost of Goods Sold / Avg. Inventory

CGS = 69,238,236
Avg. Inventory = Open stock + Closing Stock / 2

= 1,391,068 + 1,667,425 / 2
Avg. Inventory = 1,529,247

= 69,238,236 / 1,529,247

Inventory Turnover = 45.24


2. Accounts Receivable Turnover = Net Sales / Avg. Account receivable



= 76,642,399 / 18,053,051

Accounts Receivable Turnover = 4.245 Times




3. Accounts payable turnover = CGS / Avg. Account payable



= 69,238,236 / 27,809,479
Accounts payable turnover = 2.489 times




4. Average collection period = (Trade Debtors × No. of Working Days) / Net Credit Sales

Accounts Receivable = 20,045,028
No. of Working Days = 360
Net Credit Sales = 76,642,399

= 20,045,028 * 360 / 76,642,399
= 94 days 

CS403 GDB Solution May 2010

SOLUTION

It is true normalization is a complex process and can be easily proved today’s most of RDBMs like SQL, Oracle etc are based on relation model like tables are connected to each other using primary and forgine keys.As we know there are five normalization forms first three are often used.In First normal form DBA has to identify the unique key for the entity identification.It become more complex when DBA has to identify redundant information (columns) in an entity and create separate table to place this information in rows and build relation between them in Second Normal form.It becomes even become more complex when DBA has to join two tables with the help of third table to build relation ship between two entities in third Normal form.The purpose of all effort is to reduce data redundancy between tables, to centralize information and only capture entity related information. The benefit of this is increase of DBMS performance, better hardware resource management and data integrity.

IT430 E-Commerce Solution May12,2010



For complete Solution visit Forum

FIN622 Solution May 11,2010

Solution:
(i) Applying Capital Budgeting Techniques

a) Pay back period.
Project A Initial value = 57000
Years 1 2 3 4
Cash Flows(Rs.) 20000 20000 20000 20000
Cumulative CF 20000 40000 60000 80000
Payback Period for this project is somewhere between 2 and 3 years cost recovers in
between these years. At the end of year 2, Rs 40000 has been recovered and Rs 17000 are
to be covered from next year’s cash flow of Rs 20000.
Payback period = 2 + 17000/20000 = 2.85 years
Project B initial value = 54000
Years 1 2 3 4
Cash Flows(Rs.) 22000 20000 18000 16000
Cumulative CF 22000 42000 60000 76000
Payback Period for this project is somewhere between 2 and 3 years cost recovers in
between these years. At the end of year 2, Rs 42000 has been recovered and Rs 12000 are
to be covered from next year’s cash flow of Rs 18000.
Payback period = 2 + 12000/18000 = 2.67 years
Net Present Values
Project A = Discount Rate = 14%

NPV= -IO+_CFt/ (1+i) t
NPV= -IO+ CF1/ (1+i) 1 + CF2/ (1+i) 2 + CF3/ (1+i) 3 + CF4/ (1+i) 4
NPV= -57000+ 20000/ (1+0.14) 1 + 20000/ (1+0.14) 2 + 20000/ (1+0.14) 3 + 20000/
(1+0.14) 4
NPV= -57000+ 20000/ (1.14) 1 + 20000/ (1.14) 2 + 20000/ (1.14) 3 + 20000/ (1.14) 4
NPV= -57000+ 20000/ 1.14 + 20000/ 1.2996 + 20000/ 1.481544 + 20000/ 1.68896016
NPV= -57000+ 17544 + 15689 + 13500 + 11841
NPV= -57000 + 58574
NPV= 1574

Project B = Discount Rate = 14%
NPV= -IO+_CFt/ (1+i) t
NPV= -IO+ CF1/ (1+i) 1 + CF2/ (1+i) 2 + CF3/ (1+i) 3 + CF4/ (1+i) 4
NPV= -54000+ 22000/ (1+0.14) 1 + 20000/ (1+0.14) 2 + 18000/ (1+0.14) 3 + 16000/
(1+0.14) 4
NPV= -54000+ 22000/ (1.14) 1 + 20000/ (1.14) 2 + 18000/ (1.14) 3 + 16000/ (1.14) 4
NPV= -54000+ 22000/ 1.14 + 20000/ 1.2996 + 18000/ 1.481544 + 16000/ 1.68896016
NPV= -54000+ 19298 + 15689 + 12150 + 9473
NPV= -54000 + 56610
NPV= 2610
Decision:
Project A = 1574 NPV
Project B = 2610 NPV
According to the NPV of both projects, I will recommend project B due to greater NPV
of project B from A.
Project A = 2.85 years Payback Period
Project B = 2.667 years Payback Period
According to the Payback period of both projects, I will also recommend Project B,
because in Project B the payback period (PP) is little than Project A.

MTH302 - Business Mathematics & Statistics Solution 11 May,2010

Question 1:

Basic Salary of John is 2000$ per month. According to his job contract
his allowances are some percentage of basic salary whereas other
benefits are percentage of Gross Salary. Details of his benefits are
as follows. What percent of Basic/Gross salary are these benefits?
(Show the calculations).
Marks 10

BENEFITS $ Percent of Basic/Gross Salary
House Rent 900 45% (Basic Salary) / 29.03% (Gross Salary)
Utilities Allowance 200 10% (Basic Salary) / 6.45% (Gross Salary)
Medical/Group insurance 155 7.75% (Basic Salary) / 5% (Gross Salary)
Miscellaneous Social Charges 186 9.3% (Basic Salary) / 6% (Gross Salary)


PROPOSED SOLUTION:

Gross Salary: = Basic Salary + House Rent + Utilities Allowance

Gross Salary: = $ 2000 + $ 900 + $ 200
Gross Salary will be $ 3,100

House Rent Percentage against Basic Salary: = (900 / 2000) * 100 = 45%
House Rent Percentage against Gross Salary: = (900 / 3100) * 100 = 29.03%

Utilities Allowance Percentage Against Basic Salary: = (200 / 2000) * 100 = 10%
Utilities Allowance Percentage Against Gross Salary: = (200 / 3100) *
100 = 6.45%

Medical / Group Insurance Percentage Against Basic Salary: = (155 /
2000) * 100 = 7.75%
Medical / Group Insurance Percentage Against Gross Salary: = (155 /
3100) * 100 = 5%

Miscellaneous Social Charges Percentage Against Basic Salary: = (186 /
2000) * 100 = 9.3%
Miscellaneous Social Charges Percentages Against Gross Salary: = (186
/ 3100) * 100 = 6%



Question 2: Marks 5
The price of oil decreased from $76 per barrel to $70 per barrel. What
is the percentage change in oil prices?
SOLUTION:

Let us denominate the above values in Cells as follows:
Initial Oil Price: = $ 76
Final Oil Price: = $ 70
Change in Price: - $ 6
Percentage Change in Price: = (-6/ 76) * 100
Percentage Change in Price is -7.89% which means the Oil prices
decreased by 7.89%



Question 3: Marks 5
Suppose you took loan from a bank of amount 800£ at 8% interest
compounded semi-annually for three years. Find the compound interest.

SOLUTION:
Compounded Amount (S) = Principal (P) * (1+ interest rate (r) /100) ^
Number of Periods (n)
Principal: = 800
Interest Rate: =8%
Number of Periods: = 3*2 = 6 (semi annually)
Compounded Amount:
=800*(1+ (8/100/2)^6
=1012.255
Compound Interest:
=1012.255 – 800
=212.255 Pounds


Question 4: Marks 5
Calculate the Accumulated Value if you deposit 500Rs at the end of
each year for the next 3 years? Assume an interest of 8% compounded
annually.


SOLUTION:

Accumulated Value (S) = Annuity (r) * ((1+ Interest Rate (i) )^ Number
of years (n) – 1) / Interest Rate (i)
Accumulated Value (S) = Annuity or deposits * Accumulation Factor for
‘n’ periods.

Annuity: =500
Interest Rate: = 8%
Number of Years: 3

Accumulated Value (A4): =500*((1+8%)^3)-1)/8%
Accumulated Value is 1623.2 Rs
Tuesday, May 11, 2010

MGT301 Principles of Marketing Assignment 1 Solution May 11, 2010

Question 1
Answer


The four marketing research methods are
1 Surveys
2 Focus Groups
3 Personal interviews
4 Field Trails

Explanation of these methods:
1 Surveys:

Survey research is one of the very important
areas of extent in partical social research. In
marketing research surveys gather people and ask

them about your products and services
Data are usually interviews subjects. Surveys
can use qualitative (e.g ask open-ended
questions) or quantitative (e.g use forced-
choice questions) measures. There are two basic
types of surveys

For complete solution Visit Forum

MGT 603 - STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT SOLUTION

Strategic Management ( MGT 603 )
SEMESTER SPRING (2010)
ASSIGNMENT

DUE DATE: MAY 13th, 2010                                                                              TOTAL MARKS: 20

“Key External Factors”
“As you have studied about external and internal factors in an industry analysis. Your job is to identify only the key external factors (Threats and Opportunities) of Virtual University of Pakistan. You should point out at least 10 Opportunities and threats of Virtual University. Furthermore your points should be in a bullet form and avoid any further explanation. “

Answer
 Following are the Key External Opportunities for VU to growth and progress in the business environment.
                     Governmental based Entity
                     Government approved.
                     Accredit and internationally recognized  
                     On board Experienced Teachers.
                     Organized network and staffing.
                     Stable educational Program, inclusive of online books, lectures & handouts.
                     Fast Growing & Emerging Customer needs (enormous youth population)
                     E-based Expanding global markets
                     Flexible schedule (e.g. 24 /7 availability of system)
                     Comparatively Low Fee and other charges.

The possible threats for the VU with respect to the external environment that poses a danger to its well-being.
                     Threat of New competitor
                     Foreign influence (many on-line international universities)
                     Funding will constrain educational reform.
                     Current law and policy has not kept up with reform objectives
                     Lack of funding will constrain appropriate staffing
                     Many Unfunded mandates
                     Lack of flexibility (example- charter schools have more flexibility)
                     Deficiency of staffing.
                     Requirement of updated Books and handout.
                     Lacking in new educational programs in line with customer need.
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